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FAQ / Blog

Posted by: In: FAQ 08 Oct 2013 Comments: 0

A.  Window glass is by nature highly thermal emissive as indicated in the table above. To improve thermal efficiency (insulation properties) thin film coatings are applied to the raw soda-lime glass. There are two primary methods in use: Pyrolytic CVD and Magnetron Sputtering.[2][3] The first involves deposition of fluorinated tin oxide (SnO2:F seeTin dioxide uses) at high temperatures. Pyrolytic coatings are usually applied at the Float glass plant when the glass is manufactured. The second involves depositing thin silver layer(s) with antireflection layers. Magnetron sputtering uses large vacuum chambers with multiple deposition chambers depositing 5 to 10 or more layers in succession. Silver based films are environmentally unstable and must be enclosed in an Insulated glazing or Insulated Glass Unit (IGU) to maintain their properties over time. Specially designed coatings, are applied to one or more surfaces of insulated glass. These coatings reflect radiant infrared energy, thus tending to keep radiant heat on the same side of the glass from which it originated, while letting visible light pass. This results in more efficient windows because radiant heat originating from indoors in winter is reflected back inside, while infrared heat radiation from the sun during summer is reflected away, keeping it cooler inside.

Glass can be made with differing thermal emissivities, but this is not used for windows. Certain properties such as the iron content may be controlled, changing the thermal emissivity properties of glass. This is “naturally” low thermal emissivity, found in some formulations of borosilicate or Pyrex. Naturally low-e glass does not have the property of reflecting near infrared (NIR)/thermal radiation, instead this type of glass has higher NIR transmission, leading to undesirable heat loss (or gain) in a building window.

Courtesy of Wikipedia

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